What Is an Electric Motor?

An electric motor is an electrical device which converts electrical power into mechanical energy by means of its rotation motion. These motors have been used in various ways, ranging from electric power production, to supplying power for a vehicle, to powering a turbine or a nuclear power plant. However, one of the most commonly used motor devices is the magnetic motor.


A magnetic motor rotates using the principle of magnetism. It is a well-known fact that magnets have the power to attract and repel, causing a change in polarity of the other particles in their respective environment. Therefore, when a magnet moves at a certain speed, it will cause the electrons and ions attached to it to move in a similar manner, thereby creating an electric motor with a similar magnetism. It is interesting to note that this concept was developed in 1795 by the English scientist James Clerk Maxwell who is also credited as the discoverer of electricity.

The invention of this motor, which has been used ever since as a source of electric power, was motivated by the fact that there were no other viable sources of power available at the time. It was a relatively simple idea to understand and implement. All one needed to do was attach a shaft, magnetized in one direction and a stationary pole, magnetized in another direction to the shaft. Once a force was created, the magnetism on the magnetized pole would cause the moving pole to draw a magnetic force, which would be felt by the pole and the stationary pole.

As long as the poles are attached in a static position, this motion will continue, generating an electrical impulse which is transmitted to a controller, which in turn regulates the speed of the motor. The generator of such a motor can also be attached to the motor itself, to generate the same motion, but at a much greater speed. In order to increase the speed of the motion, the generator of the motor can be turned up, as well as the number of magnets added to the magnetized pole. This is very important in order to create an electric motor with the capability to move at faster speeds.

This motor uses a very simple technique in which a magnet is positioned in a fixed position, such as at a base of the pole. The magnet is then attracted or repelled by another magnet, which is placed at the pole’s top. This repelling action produces the rotation motion, which is converted to electric power.

To operate such a motor, it is not necessary to use electricity, because it is a matter of nature which has a steady speed and cannot be slowed down or sped up, unlike most conventional motors. It can therefore be operated directly from batteries, which are cheap to buy and use.